List out 10 Feature of Docker-compose
Multiple isolated environments on a single host
Compose uses a project name to isolate environments from each other. You can make use of this project name in several different contexts:
on a dev host, to create multiple copies of a single environment, such as when you want to run a stable copy for each feature branch of a project
on a CI server, to keep builds from interfering with each other, you can set the project name to a unique build number
on a shared host or dev host, to prevent different projects, which may use the same service names, from interfering with each other
The default project name is the basename of the project directory. You can set a custom project name by using the -p command line option or the COMPOSE_PROJECT_NAME environment variable.
The default project directory is the base directory of the Compose file. A custom value for it can be defined with the –project-directory command line option.
Preserve volume data when containers are created
Compose preserves all volumes used by your services. When docker-compose up runs, if it finds any containers from previous runs, it copies the volumes from the old container to the new container. This process ensures that any data you’ve created in volumes isn’t lost.
If you use docker-compose on a Windows machine, see Environment variables and adjust the necessary environment variables for your specific needs.
Only recreate containers that have changed
Compose caches the configuration used to create a container. When you restart a service that has not changed, Compose re-uses the existing containers. Re-using containers means that you can make changes to your environment very quickly.
Variables and moving a composition between environments
Compose supports variables in the Compose file. You can use these variables to customize your composition for different environments, or different users. See Variable substitution for more details.
You can extend a Compose file using the extends field or by creating multiple Compose files. See extends for more details.
Common use cases
Compose can be used in many different ways. Some common use cases are outlined below.
When you’re developing software, the ability to run an application in an isolated environment and interact with it is crucial. The Compose command line tool can be used to create the environment and interact with it.
The Compose file provides a way to document and configure all of the application’s service dependencies (databases, queues, caches, web service APIs, etc). Using the Compose command line tool you can create and start one or more containers for each dependency with a single command (docker-compose up).
Together, these features provide a convenient way for developers to get started on a project. Compose can reduce a multi-page “developer getting started guide” to a single machine readable Compose file and a few commands.
Automated testing environments
An important part of any Continuous Deployment or Continuous Integration process is the automated test suite. Automated end-to-end testing requires an environment in which to run tests. Compose provides a convenient way to create and destroy isolated testing environments for your test suite. By defining the full environment in a Compose file, you can create and destroy these environments in just a few commands:
docker-compose up -d
Single host deployments
Compose has traditionally been focused on development and testing workflows, but with each release we’re making progress on more production-oriented features.